Critically evaluate the key issues that strategic analysis plays in a business or organisation that you are familiar with.

Length:2,500Submission method optionsAlternative submission methodTaskTask:Critically evaluate the key issues that strategic analysis plays in a business or organisation that you are familiar with.In this assignment, you are required to write a 2500 word report including 200 words of an executive summary, but excluding references and appendix. You should also perform the following tasks:1. Describe briefly the background information of the organisation (or SBU) assigned. This information should be brief and relevant to the discussion of your assignment and thus may include ownership, history, size, business scope, major products/services, and major markets of the organisation (or SBU) selected.2. Conduct external environment analysis including a marco-environment analysis and Porter’s 5 forces analysis:(1) Conduct a macro-environment analysis for the entire industry within which the organisation (or SBU) operates. You should use PESTEL model and focus on the understanding of the purpose of this analysis, the identification of key factors and their implications in terms of key opportunities and threats, and the discussion of their overall impact on the industry growth in the future. Draw your conclusion based on your macro-environment analysis.(2) Undertake a competitive analysis using Porters 5 forces model. You are required to pay attention to the purpose of this analysis, the inter-connectedness of different aspects of the competitive forces,and their overall impact on the industry and the organisation selected in terms of main driving forces in the competitive environment. Draw your conclusions based on your five-force analysis.3. Conduct internal environment analysis. You should identify key resources and competencies of the organsation (or SBU) that are likely to provide sustainable competitive advantage.4. Summarise your findings based on your external and internal environment analysis. Identify the key issues that the organisation (or SBU) faces and give your recommendations.5. Draw your conclusion.Guidelines for this task:Ensure that you read widely and address key components of the strategic management process addressed in the literature from Module 1.You should seek to complement the readings from Module 1 by accessing books and relevant journal articles from the sources listed under ‘Recommended additional reading’ in this Subject Outline.Use your reading to inform your critical evaluation of the key issues of strategic analysis within the business, public sector or not-for-profit organisation where you work.While you are required to name the organisation that is the focus of your research, you may wish to make a case for maintaining the anonymity of the organisation (e.g. due to political or commercial sensitivities). Contact your subject coordinator before you start on the assignment if you need to do this.Note that this subject uses a due date system for assignments; i.e., the stated date is the last date for acceptance for that assignment. You must timetable your work schedule so you have plenty of time to ensure your work arrives on time.RationaleThis assessment item relates to the following learning outcomes in this subject:be able to identify and explain the key components of strategic management such as strategy analysis;be able to review and evaluate the evolution of ideas and practices leading to the development of strategic management and its relationship to other management practices and principles;be able to identify and differentiate between functional areas such as marketing, finance, operations and human resource management and evaluate how they should act conjointly toward the attainment of the organisations strategic aims and objectives;be able to evaluate the importance of developing strategically appropriate relationships between people, processes, functions, structures and even organisations; andbe able to critique, act strategically, and make recommendations in the context of the potential of strategic management vis-a-vis the realisation of organisational change and/or success in the private, public, and not-for-profit sectors.Marking criteriaMBA508 Business Strategy Assessment 1FL (0-49%)PS (50%-64%)CR (65%-74%)DI (75%-84%)HD (85%-100%)1. Executive summary (5 marks)Does not identify/provides only a limited identification of the requirements for the executive summary.Attempts to identify the requirements, but does not draw out their significance in relation to the assignment.Provides an adequate summary of the report that identifies the significant aspects and how they inter-relate.Provides a comprehensive summary of the report and a clear, succinct identification of the main points.Comprehensive; purpose and significance of the main points are clearly explained and signposted through the report structure.2. Identification, use,application, and critical analysis of theory (10 marks)Relevant theory on the topic missing and/or none/ poor attempt to use theory to support point of view and/or argument.Include some relevant theory and makes attempts to use theory to support point of view and/or argument.Identification and explanation of relevant theory. Theory linked to point of view and/or argument.Concise overview and critical analysis of relevant theory. Theory is integrated and linked well to argument.Concise overview and critical evaluation of relevant theory. Theory is integrated exceptionally well into argument.3 .Critical reflection, discussion, and examples (15 marks)Does not demonstrate any attempt at critical/reflective analysis.Some attempt at critical/reflective analysis.Demonstrate and integrate critical/reflective analysis. Evidence of reflective thinking skills.Mostly demonstrate and integrate critical/reflective analysis. Evidence of good reflective thinking skills.Consistently demonstrate and integrate critical/reflective evaluation. Evidence of superior reflective thinking skills.4 .Conclusion (5 marks)Conclusion not evident and/or does not relate to main arguments in report.Conclusion reflects main arguments in report.Clear conclusion that reflects main arguments in reportWell-constructed and clear conclusion supported by main arguments in reportWell-constructed and clear conclusion with strong links to main arguments in report.5. Reference and Presentation (5 marks)Unsatisfactory expression and presentation. Meaning unclear and/or grammar and/or spelling contain frequent errors. No consideration given to the reader. Poor presentation e.g. single spacing, no paragraphs.10 potentially relevant refereed journal articles presented in near-perfect APA referencing style. Articles used to some effect in report.Satisfactory expression and presentation. Meaning apparent but language not always fluent, grammar and/or spelling contain errors. Minimal consideration given to the reader. Meets most report presentation guidelines.10 relevant refereed journal articles presented in APA referencing style. Articles used to good effect in report.Good expression and presentation. Language mainly fluent grammar and spelling mainly accurate. Needs more consideration given to the needs of the reader. Mainly meets report presentation guidelines.10+ very relevant refereed journal articles presented in perfect APA style. Articles used to very good effect in report.Very good expression and presentation. Language fluent, few errors in grammar, spelling and syntax. Mainly considerate of the reader. Meet report presentation guidelines.15+ highly relevant refereed journal articles presented in perfect APA style. Articles used to outstanding effect in report.Outstanding expression and presentation. Fluent writing style appropriate to the style of paper. Grammar and spelling accurate. Very considerate to the reader. Meets report presentation guidelines.PresentationAll assignments must be typed and they should be at least 1.5 line spaced with 12pt font size. Use of headings and subheadings are recommended to help focus your work. The use of headings and sub-headings does not mean that you can dispense with the need to create a coherent discussion.This is always critically important.Please note that in all assignments the following are expected:Careful analysisEvidence of wide and careful reading (beyond what has been provided)Coherent argumentation and structureCorrect spellingAppropriate use of English grammarAppropriate citation of referencesCorrespondence with the given word lengthReferencing presented in the APA system adopted by the Faculty of BusinessWhen using material taken from the Collection of Readings provided by the University please refer to the original sources which is fully listedA Reference list must appear at the end of the paper.RequirementsTo complete your report for Senior Management you will need to include the following sections:1. Executive Summary2. Background – Give a brief account of the background of the company/organisation3. External Analysis Conduct an analysis of the organisations external environment and competitive landscape4. Internal Analysis Conduct an analysis of the organizations internal environment including its resources/capabilities identify the companys core competencies and resulting ability to outperform competitors5. Identify and analyse the issues in the internal and external environments and prioritize them in the order you feel are most critical6. Conclusion Summarise your findings.You are required to cite a minimum of 10 refereed journal articles.This assignment needs to be submitted via TURNITIN.Task:Critically evaluate the key issues that strategic analysis plays in a business or organisation that you are familiar with.In this assignment, you are required to write a 2500 word report including 200 words of an executive summary, but excluding references and appendix. You should also perform the following tasks:1. Describe briefly the background information of the organisation (or SBU) assigned. This information should be brief and relevant to the discussion of your assignment and thus may include ownership, history, size, business scope, major products/services, and major markets of the organisation (or SBU) selected.2. Conduct external environment analysis including a marco-environment analysis and Porter’s 5 forces analysis:(1) Conduct a macro-environment analysis for the entire industry within which the organisation (or SBU) operates. You should use PESTEL model and focus on the understanding of the purpose of this analysis, the identification of key factors and their implications in terms of key opportunities and threats, and the discussion of their overall impact on the industry growth in the future. Draw your conclusion based on your macro-environment analysis.(2) Undertake a competitive analysis using Porters 5 forces model. You are required to pay attention to the purpose of this analysis, the inter-connectedness of different aspects of the competitive forces,and their overall impact on the industry and the organisation selected in terms of main driving forces in the competitive environment. Draw your conclusions based on your five-force analysis.3. Conduct internal environment analysis. You should identify key resources and competencies of the organsation (or SBU) that are likely to provide sustainable competitive advantage.4. Summarise your findings based on your external and internal environment analysis. Identify the key issues that the organisation (or SBU) faces and give your recommendations.5. Draw your conclusion.Guidelines for this task:Ensure that you read widely and address key components of the strategic management process addressed in the literature from Module 1.You should seek to complement the readings from Module 1 by accessing books and relevant journal articles from the sources listed under ‘Recommended additional reading’ in this Subject Outline.Use your reading to inform your critical evaluation of the key issues of strategic analysis within the business, public sector or not-for-profit organisation where you work.While you are required to name the organisation that is the focus of your research, you may wish to make a case for maintaining the anonymity of the organisation (e.g. due to political or commercial sensitivities). Contact your subject coordinator before you start on the assignment if you need to do this.Note that this subject uses a due date system for assignments; i.e., the stated date is the last date for acceptance for that assignment. You must timetable your work schedule so you have plenty of time to ensure your work arrives on time.RationaleThis assessment item relates to the following learning outcomes in this subject:MBA508 Business Strategy Assessment 1FL (0-49%)PS (50%-64%)CR (65%-74%)DI (75%-84%)HD (85%-100%)PresentationAll assignments must be typed and they should be at least 1.5 line spaced with 12pt font size. Use of headings and subheadings are recommended to help focus your work. The use of headings and sub-headings does not mean that you can dispense with the need to create a coherent discussion.This is always critically important.Please note that in all assignments the following are expected:Careful analysisEvidence of wide and careful reading (beyond what has been provided)Coherent argumentation and structureCorrect spellingAppropriate use of English grammarAppropriate citation of referencesCorrespondence with the given word lengthReferencing presented in the APA system adopted by the Faculty of BusinessWhen using material taken from the Collection of Readings provided by the University please refer to the original sources which is fully listedA Reference list must appear at the end of the paper.To complete your report for Senior Management you will need to include the following sections:1. Executive Summary2. Background – Give a brief account of the background of the company/organisation3. External Analysis Conduct an analysis of the organisations external environment and competitive landscape4. Internal Analysis Conduct an analysis of the organizations internal environment including its resources/capabilities identify the companys core competencies and resulting ability to outperform competitors5. Identify and analyse the issues in the internal and external environments and prioritize them in the order you feel are most critical6. Conclusion Summarise your findings.You are required to cite a minimum of 10 refereed journal articles.This assignment needs to be submitted via TURNITIN.

A Classical bureaucracy has been the defining hallmark of health services organization. Is bureaucracy necessary to deliver effective healthcare? Why or why not?

Week 1 Assignment “Rough Draft Outline for Management/Leadership Action Plan”In this week, you will create a rough draft outline for your management/leadership action plan. At a minimum, the sections of your plan will include:Personal Leadership StatementPersonal Leadership ReviewPast review of previous leadership or management positions, mistakes made, lessons learned, etcCurrent review of leadership or management positionFuture review of leadership where do you want to be, how will you get thereDecision Making SkillsEmotional Intelligence identifying your strengths and weaknessesPutting it All TogetherYour outline will be submitted in rough draft format overall length approximately 1 page, using APA formattingWeek 1 Opinion Paper “Assessing the Importance of Goals”Assessing the importance of goals. Goal formation within the health services organization is critical to the unification of employee and resources.In a 1 page paper, using APA formatting, discuss the impact that goals have had on your organization.Were they effective? Were they communicated to you directly?If so by whom, if not, why not? What changes would you recommend to senior management in terms of goals and impact on the operations of the organization?Week 2 Discussion “The Manager as a Teacher”Question AWhat is the management function most closely associated with teaching, guiding and motivating workers? Explain your answer.Question BThe text suggests that there are six functions of management. Understanding your organization, or one of which you are familiar, is there one function that is more important than the others? Or, are they all equally important? Support your answer.Week 2 Assigment “Traits of an Effective Leader”Looking back across your employment to date, take a moment to reflect back on someone whom you consider to be an effective leader.After reading chapter 12, what style of leadership did this individual possess?What were some of the attributes that assisted them in their role as leader?Was there anything they could have done to improve their leadership skills? TThis paper will be approximately one page in length.Week 2 Assignment “Course Long Project”In this week, you will continue your development of your management/leadership action plan with a review of your management/leadership capacities to date.In development of this section of this plan, you will review previous management experience that you have had.As this is a personal review, it does not matter if you were managing in a health services organization or some other industry.In the review of your previous management experience, what types of lessons were learned, mistakes made, high points, low points could they have been avoided?This section of the project will be 2 3 pages in length, use APA formatting.Week 3 Discussion “Bureaucracy in Healthcare”Question AClassical bureaucracy has been the defining hallmark of health services organization. Is bureaucracy necessary to deliver effective healthcare? Why or why not?Question BIn an increasing technological environment, there will be an increase in the number of employees who telecommute to work. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of telecommuting from a healthcare perspective. When you respond to your fellow students posts, do you agree or disagree and why? Do fellow students bring up points you hadnt thought about it, and if so, what is the relevancy/non-relevancy as you see it?Week 3 Assignment “Course Long Project”In this week, we build upon your management/leadership action plan by exploring your personal approach to decision making.In approximately 2 pages, using APA formatting, explore your approach to the decision making process. Do you like to take time to gather information before making a decision?What happens when the demand for a decision outweighs the ability to sufficiently investigate all of the areas?Who do you normally turn to for advice? Do you seek input from peers, front line employees, others? Please use APA formatting.Week 3 Assignment “Developing a Job Description”Select a health care profession or occupation and write a job description for it.It may be helpful to use an occupation in which you have worked or for which you are preparing.Do not use any of the examples supplied in your text. (Exhibits 5-3 through 5-7).Following completion of the job description, prepare a condensed description of that job in less than one-half page that could be used for recruiting purposes.Week 4 DiscussionQuestion ACan someone with poor credit and/or poor personal money management successfully manage the finances of a health services organization? Why or why not? Give examples.Question BBenchmarking is the comparison of ones organization to another to determine variances in operations, quality improvement, and financial measurement. As a manager, how would we obtain such information from a competitor? If we did not have a good relationship with the organization that we are trying to benchmark, how would we obtain such operational measures? Explain your answer.Week 4 Assignment “Tools of Control”In 2 pages, discuss the tools of control (e.g. Gantt Chart, flowchart, etc.) and evaluate the tools strengths and weaknesses as it applies to their application within the health services organization.Is there one that stands out over the others?Is it dependent on the situation?Make sure that this assignment is completed in APA format.Week 4 Opinion Paper “Budgeting”In approximately one page, discuss the idea of budgeting.Should budgets be concrete, finite numbers or should budgets be more fluid and flexible?What are the pros and cons to each approach?Week 5 DiscussionQuestion AThere is currently a shortage in healthcare staffing. Do you feel that this will continue, improve, or get worse? Explain your answer.Question BWith many healthcare organizations merging or selling, many administrative positions are being downsized or eliminated. One department not immune is the human resource department itself. In this discussion, explore the effects that eliminating the HR department will have for the organization. When you respond to your fellow students posts, do you agree or disagree and why? Do fellow students bring up points you hadnt thought about it, and if so, what is the relevancy/non-relevancy as you see it?Week 5 Assignment “The Cost of Turnover Within a Health Services Organization”In 1-2 pages, using APA formatting, examine the costs of turnover within a health services organization such as a hospital or a skilled nursing facility.Be sure to examine financial costs as well as costs to quality, morale, etc.How can a manager reduce these costs?Week 5 Opinion Paper “Employee Evaluation Process”Using the case study Case: With Friends like this on page 460-461 of your textbook, answer the following questions. Write at least a fully developed paragraph in response to each of the following:1. What should be your immediate response to Millie Norman? Why?2. Do you believe you have the basis on which to proceed with disciplinary action against someone? Why or why not?3. How can the human resources department help you in your present concern?Week 6 Discussion “Unions and Their Influence”Question AComing from the view of Management, do you view the formation and existence of Unions as a positive or negative? Why? Use examples and valid information to support your answer.Question BOf the Sources of Conflict listed in your text, which one do you believe that as a manager you could exert the most influence? The least amount of influence? Explain your answer.Week 6 Assignment “Course Long Project”In this week, we return to your management/leadership action plan.This week, we investigate the idea of emotional intelligence (EQ) and examine the strengths and weaknesses therein. To complete this assignment, access an organizational EQ survey at:http://www.leadershipconsulting.com/whats-your-eq-survey.htm.For every question that you answered no, determine how you would ultimately change that answer to an affirmative response.This assignment will approximately be 1-3 pages in length, depending on the outcome of your survey. Use APA formatting.Week 6 Opinion Paper “Conflict in HealthcareIn 1-2 pages, explore conflict in the healthcare organization. Does conflict have a place in the field of medicine? Is conflict always negative? Use examples, explain your answer.Week 7 Discussion “Team Charter”Question AWhat is the purpose of a team charter as it relates to overall team development? Give examples and explain your answer. When you respond to your fellow students posts, do you agree or disagree and why? Do fellow students bring up points you hadnt thought about it, and if so, what is the relevancy/non-relevancy as you see it?Question BHow do we keep the team focused on productivity and also, how do we ensure that all team members have a voice in the decision making process? Should everyone have an equal say? Why or why not?Week 7 Assignment “Week 7 Course Project”In this week, we effectively conclude the management/leadership action plan by identifying areas for future growth.In this assignment, you will effectively combine the previous submissions into the outline format created in Week 1.As to the final section, you will write a 1 page summary in which you explore some of the strengths and weaknesses identified through the creation of this action plan.You will also identify a plan for future growth. The final submission will be approximately 7-10 pages in length and is due Tues, by 11:59 pm EST.Week 8 DiscussionQuestion AHealthcare is constantly changing. How do we as healthcare managers lead change?Question BHow do we as healthcare managers stay abreast of changes that will impact the health service organization? Explain your answer.Week 8 Assignment “The Process of Change Management”Week 1 Assignment “Rough Draft Outline for Management/Leadership Action Plan”In this week, you will create a rough draft outline for your management/leadership action plan. At a minimum, the sections of your plan will include:Personal Leadership StatementPersonal Leadership ReviewPast review of previous leadership or management positions, mistakes made, lessons learned, etcCurrent review of leadership or management positionFuture review of leadership where do you want to be, how will you get thereDecision Making SkillsEmotional Intelligence identifying your strengths and weaknessesPutting it All TogetherYour outline will be submitted in rough draft format overall length approximately 1 page, using APA formattingWeek 1 Opinion Paper “Assessing the Importance of Goals”Assessing the importance of goals. Goal formation within the health services organization is critical to the unification of employee and resources.In a 1 page paper, using APA formatting, discuss the impact that goals have had on your organization.Were they effective? Were they communicated to you directly?If so by whom, if not, why not? What changes would you recommend to senior management in terms of goals and impact on the operations of the organization?Week 2 Discussion “The Manager as a Teacher”Question AWhat is the management function most closely associated with teaching, guiding and motivating workers? Explain your answer.Question BThe text suggests that there are six functions of management. Understanding your organization, or one of which you are familiar, is there one function that is more important than the others? Or, are they all equally important? Support your answer.Week 2 Assigment “Traits of an Effective Leader”Looking back across your employment to date, take a moment to reflect back on someone whom you consider to be an effective leader.After reading chapter 12, what style of leadership did this individual possess?What were some of the attributes that assisted them in their role as leader?Was there anything they could have done to improve their leadership skills? TThis paper will be approximately one page in length.Week 2 Assignment “Course Long Project”In this week, you will continue your development of your management/leadership action plan with a review of your management/leadership capacities to date.In development of this section of this plan, you will review previous management experience that you have had.As this is a personal review, it does not matter if you were managing in a health services organization or some other industry.In the review of your previous management experience, what types of lessons were learned, mistakes made, high points, low points could they have been avoided?This section of the project will be 2 3 pages in length, use APA formatting.Week 3 Discussion “Bureaucracy in Healthcare”Question A Classical bureaucracy has been the defining hallmark of health services organization. Is bureaucracy necessary to deliver effective healthcare? Why or why not?Question BIn an increasing technological environment, there will be an increase in the number of employees who telecommute to work. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of telecommuting from a healthcare perspective. When you respond to your fellow students posts, do you agree or disagree and why? Do fellow students bring up points you hadnt thought about it, and if so, what is the relevancy/non-relevancy as you see it?Week 3 Assignment “Course Long Project”In this week, we build upon your management/leadership action plan by exploring your personal approach to decision making.In approximately 2 pages, using APA formatting, explore your approach to the decision making process. Do you like to take time to gather information before making a decision?What happens when the demand for a decision outweighs the ability to sufficiently investigate all of the areas?Who do you normally turn to for advice? Do you seek input from peers, front line employees, others? Please use APA formatting.Week 3 Assignment “Developing a Job Description”Select a health care profession or occupation and write a job description for it.It may be helpful to use an occupation in which you have worked or for which you are preparing.Do not use any of the examples supplied in your text. (Exhibits 5-3 through 5-7).Following completion of the job description, prepare a condensed description of that job in less than one-half page that could be used for recruiting purposes.Week 4 DiscussionQuestion ACan someone with poor credit and/or poor personal money management successfully manage the finances of a health services organization? Why or why not? Give examples.Question BBenchmarking is the comparison of ones organization to another to determine variances in operations, quality improvement, and financial measurement. As a manager, how would we obtain such information from a competitor? If we did not have a good relationship with the organization that we are trying to benchmark, how would we obtain such operational measures? Explain your answer.Week 4 Assignment “Tools of Control”In 2 pages, discuss the tools of control (e.g. Gantt Chart, flowchart, etc.) and evaluate the tools strengths and weaknesses as it applies to their application within the health services organization.Is there one that stands out over the others?Is it dependent on the situation?Make sure that this assignment is completed in APA format.Week 4 Opinion Paper “Budgeting”In approximately one page, discuss the idea of budgeting.Should budgets be concrete, finite numbers or should budgets be more fluid and flexible?What are the pros and cons to each approach?Week 5 DiscussionQuestion AThere is currently a shortage in healthcare staffing. Do you feel that this will continue, improve, or get worse? Explain your answer.Question BWith many healthcare organizations merging or selling, many administrative positions are being downsized or eliminated. One department not immune is the human resource department itself. In this discussion, explore the effects that eliminating the HR department will have for the organization. When you respond to your fellow students posts, do you agree or disagree and why? Do fellow students bring up points you hadnt thought about it, and if so, what is the relevancy/non-relevancy as you see it?Week 5 Assignment “The Cost of Turnover Within a Health Services Organization”In 1-2 pages, using APA formatting, examine the costs of turnover within a health services organization such as a hospital or a skilled nursing facility.Be sure to examine financial costs as well as costs to quality, morale, etc.How can a manager reduce these costs?Week 5 Opinion Paper “Employee Evaluation Process”Using the case study Case: With Friends like this on page 460-461 of your textbook, answer the following questions. Write at least a fully developed paragraph in response to each of the following:1. What should be your immediate response to Millie Norman? Why?2. Do you believe you have the basis on which to proceed with disciplinary action against someone? Why or why not?3. How can the human resources department help you in your present concern?Week 6 Discussion “Unions and Their Influence”Question AComing from the view of Management, do you view the formation and existence of Unions as a positive or negative? Why? Use examples and valid information to support your answer.Question BOf the Sources of Conflict listed in your text, which one do you believe that as a manager you could exert the most influence? The least amount of influence? Explain your answer.Week 6 Assignment “Course Long Project”In this week, we return to your management/leadership action plan.This week, we investigate the idea of emotional intelligence (EQ) and examine the strengths and weaknesses therein. To complete this assignment, access an organizational EQ survey at:http://www.leadershipconsulting.com/whats-your-eq-survey.htm.For every question that you answered no, determine how you would ultimately change that answer to an affirmative response.This assignment will approximately be 1-3 pages in length, depending on the outcome of your survey. Use APA formatting.Week 6 Opinion Paper “Conflict in HealthcareIn 1-2 pages, explore conflict in the healthcare organization. Does conflict have a place in the field of medicine? Is conflict always negative? Use examples, explain your answer.Week 7 Discussion “Team Charter”Question AWhat is the purpose of a team charter as it relates to overall team development? Give examples and explain your answer. When you respond to your fellow students posts, do you agree or disagree and why? Do fellow students bring up points you hadnt thought about it, and if so, what is the relevancy/non-relevancy as you see it?Question BHow do we keep the team focused on productivity and also, how do we ensure that all team members have a voice in the decision making process? Should everyone have an equal say? Why or why not?Week 7 Assignment “Week 7 Course Project”In this week, we effectively conclude the management/leadership action plan by identifying areas for future growth.In this assignment, you will effectively combine the previous submissions into the outline format created in Week 1.As to the final section, you will write a 1 page summary in which you explore some of the strengths and weaknesses identified through the creation of this action plan.You will also identify a plan for future growth. The final submission will be approximately 7-10 pages in length and is due Tues, by 11:59 pm EST.Week 8 DiscussionQuestion AHealthcare is constantly changing. How do we as healthcare managers lead change?Question BHow do we as healthcare managers stay abreast of changes that will impact the health service organization? Explain your answer.Week 8 Assignment “The Process of Change Management”

What is poverty? What is meant by relative poverty?Research and discuss statistics on the demographics of poverty in the United States.

Social Inequality and PovertyProvide a solution consisting of 4-5 paragraphs.What is poverty? What is meant by relative poverty?Research and discuss statistics on the demographics of
poverty in the United States. Have the poverty rates increased or decreased
over the last decade?Why do you think that it has been difficult to lower the
poverty rates in the United States where they specialize in law, finance,
marketing and computer technology.
Global economic expansion has also caused the stock market
to grow by a factor of ten, between 1980 and 2000, creating profits for people
who have had money to invest.Provide a solution consisting of 4-5 paragraphs.Research and discuss statistics on the demographics of
poverty in the United States. Have the poverty rates increased or decreased
over the last decade?Why do you think that it has been difficult to lower the
poverty rates in the United States where they specialize in law, finance,
marketing and computer technology.
Global economic expansion has also caused the stock market
to grow by a factor of ten, between 1980 and 2000, creating profits for people
who have had money to invest.

Why do small, organized groups often triumph over larger, more diffuse groups in environmental politics?

Note: Please use
the article below and internet to answer the following questions:

1.
What is an
environmental advocacy coalition?
2.
What is a zero
sum game using an environmental example?
3.
Why do small,
organized groups often triumph over larger, more diffuse groups in
environmental politics?
4.
What does the article
below suggest regarding our capacity to manage or stop climate change?
5.
Do you agree or
disagree?

Week 11 The Politics of
Climate Change and Implications
for Sustainable Environmental
Management

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Despite
the growing number empirical studies (and scientific consensus) pointing to the
devastating impacts of global warming,[1] the evolution of leading atmospheric scientists and
scientific organizations (e.g., American Meteorological Society) into advocates
for programs and policies that mitigate carbon-based emissions, the
climate-related concerns of some business leaders, and the prominence given
climate change in President Obamas second inaugural address: we must recognize
that fundamental climate policy change will not take place in foreseeable
future. Unfortunately, intransigence, disinterest, imaginary thinking, and
inaction characterize both National and international political decision-making
when it comes to passing policies to reduce (by significant amounts) carbon
emissions.
The
probability of inaction has grown even greater as the oil and gas industry has
discovered abundant natural gas and oil shales and tar sands throughout the
North American continent. The majority of private sector and government
leaders and the American public will not support the transition to relatively
expensive forms of alternative energy while abundant carbon-based resources
remain immediately accessible for exploitation. Thus the United States,
and for that matter the globe, is caught in a Hobsons Choice, Notably,
we either accept the choice of incremental and most likely ineffective policy
changes or the likelihood is that nothing will be achieved While a
national carbon tax may be the optimal solution in the sense we could equalize
the costs between carbon-based energy sources and alternative energy sources
(wind, tides, solar), it is very unlikely we can move towards a national carbon
tax even if revenues are redistributed to the general public and no matter the
potential of this option to expedite the transition towards a sustainable
future. The simple fact is that such an option would violate the
fundamental policy beliefs of a capitalist societyespecially the
redistributive component of such a policy.
Nonetheless,
many within the scientific community (as well as many within the thought
leadership of the U.S. progressive civic community) faithfully carry on with
their clarion cry against unconstrained carbon emissions in tandem with a
grudgingly optimistic belief that 1) communicating with the public and
decision-makers, 2 crafting effective messages that take into account the
differing belief structures of the public, 3) analyzing and reporting weather
and temperature anomalies, including Sandy, 5) communicating with business and
political leaders, and 6) engaging courts on the intergenerational equity
impacts of dramatic climate change will ultimately translate into
comprehensive, optimized solutions that will avoid a global Armageddon.
This optimism is illustrated through the recent series of seminars hosted by
the prestigious Commonwealth Club of California (Fall 2012) wherein a number of
well known climatologists spoke on the challenges facing climate change policy
advocacy, but as importantly, expressed their belief that human society retains
the option of avoiding a future where carbon emissions have locked the globe into
a series of cascading events for which there is no plausible, man-constructed
escape. As the well known climatologist Dr. James Hansen stated at
Climate One Ceremony awarding him the 2012 Stephen Schneider Climate Change
Communications Award:
[To
continue carbon emissions at current levels]we would be setting the planet on
a path to disasters. We can’t say when the ice sheets are going to melt enough
to cause that large sea level rise, but, you know, we already can see with CO2
in the atmosphere now which is about 390 or 300 — between 390 and 395. But the
system has notcome to equilibrium with that, we know that the planet is
now out of that equilibrium for about seven tenths of a watt per meter square,
which means there’s almost as much warming in the pipeline as that which has
already occurred. And look what’s happening with the eight tenths of a degree
warming nowWe have to keep the climate close to the Holocene. Civilization
developed during the last several thousand years the Holocene which was — we
were not at the peak Holocene temperature at the pre-industrial, but now, we’ve
probably reasoned out of the Holocene range. Because sea level, for example, is
now going up 3.1 millimeters a year which is 3.1 meters per millennium.
Its way out of the range that existed during the Holocene. So we’re
already a little bit above the Holocene. We’ve got to stay close to the
Holocene if we want to have a stable climate. And that’s what — and that’s
still possible, because there are lots of ways we can actually draw CO2 out
of the atmosphere with better agricultural practices and reforestation. So it’s
not an impossible problem, but the key thing is we’ve got to start to get off
fossil fuels soon.
We
can’t — we cannot burn all these fossil fuels without going to the ice free
state which means sea level 250 feet higher. And so it’s just crazy, but
somehow, I never made that sink in, and is now — then Bill McKibben.
You know, I’ve talked with him frequently and he’s a much better writer, and he
wrote this article for Rolling Stone. He said the same thing but he said it in
a much better way, and suddenly, he said, “The reserves that these oil
companies are counting on their books and their stock prices are based on this,
those are five times greater than what we can burn and still hope to have a
livable planet.” Then, suddenly, some people, started to realize, we’ve
got a problem.[2] The
comments by Dr. James Hansen, et al., before the California Commonwealth Club[3] reflect a sense of urgency but also a muted optimism that the United States as
well as other nations are still masters of their own fate. Indeed, we can
fix the problem by moving off carbon-based fuels. Unfortunately, social
science strongly suggests that the likelihood of timely solutions of a
sufficient scale to avoid climate-based catastrophe are unlikely to occur.
Indeed,
the most that can be hoped for is a series of incremental steps (moving to
additional nuclear power plants, reforesting certain areas, changing from coal
to natural gas) that most likely will not prove sufficient to keep the climate
close to the Holocene. Hence, the only hope is that the vast
majority of climatologists are wrong in their view that there is fundamental,
anthropogenic climate change occurring, that warming will not produce the dire
consequences expected, or that there are political and economically neutral
solutions (i.e., new technologies enabling massive sequestration or massive use
of adaptive strategies) that can be developed that will dramatically reduce
carbon emissions. Unfortunately, the third option of massive investment in new
technology for sequestration runs up against the continuing debate regarding
austerity versus new infrastructure investment. While Congress and
the President play the fiscal fiddle, widespread long-term drought continues
throughout much of the Country and longer-term problems such as the growing
inability of the Colorado River to support population growth continues
unattended. Even as this article is being written, the Mississippi
River is facing closure to barge traffic due to unusually low river flows.
To
support my argument that comprehensive policy solutions are not politically
feasible, I will discuss some of the more dire lessons drawn from social
science regarding the possibility of comprehensive change. These rules of
thumb will be stated in the form of hypotheses for consideration and
verification through confirmatory policy research and actual
events.
Hypothesis I; The nature of collective political
action makes agreement on a comprehensive strategy to combat carbon emissions
all but impossible barring a fundamental crisis.
The
writings of the seminal political economist, Mancur Olsen,[4] on the nature of collective action describe through economic theory some of the
primary barriers to the development and institution of the major changes
necessary to bring about immediate and significant reductions in the level of
carbon emissions. In particular, Mancur Olsen demonstrates the
difficulty in markets providing collective goods such as highways and other
types of infrastructure (such as unproven non-carbon based energy technologies)
that are available to all, including free-riders (those that benefit from the
investment of others with little or no cost to themselves). In this
regard, there is little incentive for markets to provide goods or services that
either may not pay off (in terms of profits) or whose benefits cannot be
restricted to those that invest in them. This free rider problem
requires a governmental sovereign to intervene and to require taxpayers to
provide collective goods (scientific research and subsidized development) via
taxes. If government cannot act, in most situations collective goods
such as alternative energy policies and concomitant technological solutions simply
not appear. The payoff is too low and the investment risk is too
high.
Mancur
Olsen also addresses the problem that smaller groups comprised of large and
powerful economic interests have significant advantages over larger, more
diffuse groups (such as the overall electorate) in moving forward policies that
are favorable to the smaller group. For example, it is much easier for a
relatively small group of large energy companies to pursue their immediate
interest of retaining current policies that favor carbon-intensive energy
sources over a larger coalition of scientists, activists, and significant, but
diffuse segments of the electorate. Larger, more loosely bound groups
face serious organizational obstacles to gaining the sustained political
momentum necessary to institute policies and programs that promote significant
changes in the status quo, especially if the problem is profoundly complex and
can only be fully understood by scientists with an advanced understanding of
physics and mathematics and/or the rules of processing and rigorous
manipulation of huge data sets through obtuse statistical methods.
In
part, the dilemma rests in the fact that members of smaller, more powerful
groups can easily see the tangible benefits of their political
investments. Exxon or British Petroleum has no problem in seeing the
advantages of locking the Nation in to a carbon-intensive future even as they
speak glowingly about their portfolios that conveniently include alternative
energy technologies. Conversely, individuals of large, diffuse groups
must take on faith that their small, incremental actions such as purchasing
solar panels or writing to their representatives in favor of reducing carbon
emissions will produce any tangible, consequential outcome. Thus it is not surprising
that most citizens opt for non-action unless the consequences of non-action
unless the government heavily subsidizes their purchases through tax credits.

Recent
events show the tenacity to which energy companies have retained their tax
subsidies and the problems President Obama has faced in enhancing investments
in alternative energy technologies. Small, interest-based coalitions have
the clear political advantage when it comes to either maintaining the status
quo or securing benefits from the political system. The writings of
Mancur Olsen and the lackluster scorecard of climatologists and environmental
groups versus energy interests point to the perverse problem of instituting
even incremental solutions to global climate change. The perspective of
the ordinary citizen and the collective goods problem is illustrated in,
Americans Actions to Limit Global Warming (December 19, 2012). This
report is based on the findings from a nationally representative survey,
Climate Change and the American Mind.[5] The following survey results underscore the grim
realities of collective behavior:
Question:
Thinking about the energy saving actions youre already taking and those youd
like to take over the next 12 months: If you did most of these things, how much
do you think it would reduce your personal contribution to global warming?

Explain the nature and scope of new business formation. LO2 Create and evaluate innovative venture ideas considering both the opportunities and risks faced by entrepreneurs. LO3

Business Plan
a good Business Plan can help to make a good business credible understandable and attractive to someone who is unfamiliar with the business. Writing a good Business Plan cant guarantee success but it can go a long way toward reducing the odds of failure.

Learning Outcomes Addressed:
Explain the nature and scope of new business formation. LO2
Create and evaluate innovative venture ideas considering both the opportunities and risks faced by entrepreneurs. LO3
Develop a Business Plan for a start-up business. LO4

Task Assignment:
In groups of 4 or 5 students will create an Entrepreneurial activity which involves the selling of products/services.
The group will then be required to create a Business Plan based on the idea from your market feasibility study.
The Business Plan should be prepared as if you were presenting it to a potential investor.
In your Business Plan please identify and highlight individual member contributions.

Project General Description:

The aim of this project is to highlight the different concepts knowledge and understanding that you have learned in the course and apply them in a very practical and realistic manner. This project has two parts:

Part A: Business Plan 20%
Working in groups of 4-5 you are required to plan a business to start. Each group will submit a proposal that gives a brief description of the business that they are planning to start. The information you collect as you plan your business will be recorded in a document called a Business Plan. The Business Plan will be created following the headings of the attached rubric. Each group will submit a Business Plan of approximately 10-15 pages on the business that they have chosen based on the business idea submitted in week 9.
(Refer to the Appendix: Business Plan Guidelines for further information).

Part B: CSA (Oral Defense 30%)

The contents of your Business Plan will be presented in an Oral Defense (Final Assessment Period). Each student will prepare a 3 minutes elevator pitch for funding followed by 12 minutes of answering questions from the assessors.

BUSINESS PLAN GUIDELINES
Include the name of your business and the names and ID numbers of your group members.

Table of Contents:

Use the automated Section and Page Number function of Microsoft Word. If you have a number of appendices you should number these also and reference them appropriately within the document.

Format:

Justify the text in Times Roman font size 12. Use 1 margins for both sides and 1 margins for the top and bottom. Set all the headings in bold.
Refer to HCT Formatting Guidelines for further information about the style used to quote references.

Grading:

The student will be graded using the attached grading rubric. Make sure all information is included as per the rubric.

Your Business Plan will be assessed on the content and professionalism of your document. Write your business plan in your own words and quote your sources for the information you have used that comes from other individuals or publications. Any external contacts and correspondence for this project must be checked by your instructor before you proceed.
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Describe the characteristics and valuation of stocks and bonds and how each is a key component in the financing of corporations.

Businesses have to make many financial decisions that have a direct impact on operations and the ability to successfully compete in the marketplace. Base your writing on the information from the course coupled with information located in the Strayer databases or Internet.
Write a two (2) page paper in which you:
1.Assume that you are financial advisor to a business. Describe the advice that you would give to the client for raising business capital using both debt and equity options in todays economy. Outline the major advantages and disadvantages of each option.
2.Summarize the advice that you would give the client on selecting an investment banker to assist the business in raising this capital.
3.Explain the historical relationships between risk and return for common stocks versus corporate bonds. Explain the manner in which diversification helps in risk reduction in a portfolio. Support response with actual data and concepts learned in this course.
4.Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources. However you may use data sources such as Yahoo Finance.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
Be typed double spaced using Times New Roman font (size 12) with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment the students name the professors name the course title and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Describe the characteristics and valuation of stocks and bonds and how each is a key component in the financing of corporations.
Describe the key elements of the securities markets and how the markets drive financial transactions decision making and risk analysis.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in finance.
Write clearly and concisely about finance using proper writing mechanics.

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Do corporations have a right and/or a responsibility to influence ethics in the countries in which they operate? Defend your position.

Ethics and Social Responsibility in Business and Society
Paper details:
Ethics and Social Responsibility in Business and Society (15%; 100 marks total)
Introduction
In this module we examined ethics and in particular ethics in the workplace. We also looked at social responsibility as it pertains to businesses (and other organizations) and the communities in which businesses operate. In this assignment you will evaluate the level or degree to which a business organization and/or government agency is engaging in ethical and socially responsible practices. You will present this evaluation from multiple stakeholder perspectives.
Part A is a report on ethical standards and Part B is a report on an ethical or corporate social responsibility issue in society.
Part A: Instructions
Read the following:
Donaldson T. (1996 September). Values in tension: Ethics away from home. Harvard Business Review 74(5) 4862.
Re-read Discussion Case: Chiquita Brands: Ethical Responsibility or Illegal Action on pages 8889 of your textbook.
Answer the following two questions:
Question 1: Do you feel that it is possible to develop a universal set of ethical standards for business or do you believe that cultural differences make universal standards impractical and/or impossible? (15 marks)
Question 2: Do corporations have a right and/or a responsibility to influence ethics in the countries in which they operate? Defend your position. (15 marks)
Note: In answering the questions you should demonstrate your ability to incorporate and integrate your learning from all aspects of this module. Ensure that you include information from the course material the readings your journal and your own research.
Part B: Instructions
Write a 2500-word double-spaced report on corporate social responsibility and related ethical issues in society. Demonstrate your ability to integrate your learning from all aspects of this module. Ensure that you include information from the course material the readings your journal and your own research. Select a topical newsworthy issue that involves ethical and social responsibility issues relating to business and society.
The following are some topic suggestions. Pick one or choose your own topic and email your Open Learning Faculty Member if you have any concerns as to whether your topic is appropriate.
Corporate and/or governmental involvement in China despite international criticism of the Chinese government with regard to human rights of Chinese and Tibetan people.
Privatization of hospital services in one or more provinces in Canada (e.g. Ontario Alberta and/or British Columbia)
Pharmaceutical companies and the conflict over making HIV/AIDS drugs available in poor countries
The wellhead blowout in 2010 at a deepwater drilling platform operated on behalf of British Petroleum (now BP) in the Gulf of Mexico
Corporations manufacturing and distributing genetically modified foods
Corporations importing toys from manufacturers in China given the discovery of lead in some toy products produced in that country
Walmart Target or other big-box retail giants establishing operations in Canadian towns and cities
KGHM Internationals proposed Ajax mine project in Kamloops BC
Enbridges proposed Northern Gateway pipeline to Kitimat BC
Kinder Morgans proposed TransMountain pipeline expansion from Alberta to Burnaby BC
Another ethical or CSR topic of your choice
Your report should cover the following:
Section 1. Introduction: Introduce the topic and identify the CSR (and ethical) issue(s) that are of concern. Then list the stakeholders that influence or are influenced by this issue. Be specific in naming individuals groups associations and/or government bodies. Cite references for your research. (10 marks)
Section 2. Rationale: Analyze the ethics of the issues involved using three of the methods of ethical reasoning (utility rights and justice) described on pages 8387 of your textbook. Then indicate which of the three methods you feel is most helpful in evaluating the ethics of the relevant issue(s). Explain the reasons for your choice. (30 marks)
Note: In Section 2 Rationale rather than estimating the actual costs and benefits involved you may simply identity and describe the costs and benefits that you would consider (if actual cost-benefit information is not provided in the literature).
Section 3. Impacts (What does this mean to my family?): Describe the potential and/or real impacts to you and your family. Are these impacts direct or indirect? Briefly explain why. (5 marks)
Section 4. Impacts (What does this mean to my community?): Explore the potential and/or real impacts on the local or site community as well as real or potential impacts on other communities. Describe these impacts from multiple perspectives ensuring you represent both community and corporate (or organizational) perspectives. (15 marks)
Section 5. Impacts (What does this mean to my country?): Are there broader impacts or ramifications associated with this issue? If yes how do this ethical and CSR issue impact business and society in Canada as a whole? If no explain why not. (10 marks)